Marrakech is a City Located in the South of Morocco History dates back nearly to a thousand years, Morocco itself was named itself before it, Marrakech was founded by the Almoravids dynasty during 1070 as the capital of their empire it is Considered as one of the Imperial cities in Morocco beside ( Fez-Meknes and Rabat as the current Capital Of the Kingdom )
The Marinids Dynasty Captured Marrakech in 1269 Marrakech as the Capital of the south. Marrakech, however, passed through a deep history throughout the history with different dynasties that rules and governed the Moroccan Kingdom such as Almohad Caliphate 1147, Mirindis 1269, the Saadian Sharifs in 1525 then to the Current Dynasty who took the chair in 17 century (1669) Although it served frequently as the residence of the Alawite sultans, Marrakesh was not their definitive capital, as Alawite sultans moved their courts frequently between various cities.
In the course of its history, Marrakesh achieved periods of great splendor, interrupted by repeated political struggles, military disorders, famine, plagues, and a couple of sacks. Much of it was rebuilt in the 19th century. It was conquered by French troops in 1912 and became part of the French protectorate of Morocco. It remained part of the Kingdom of Morocco after independence in 1956.
Throughout its history, Marrakesh has maintained a keen rivalry with Fez as the leading city in Morocco, and the country often fragmented politically into two halves, with Fez the capital of the north and Marrakesh the capital of the south. The choice of Rabat as the capital of modern Morocco can be seen as a compromise that afforded neither of the two rival cities primacy over the other.
Things to see & do in Marrakech :
The Koutoubia Mosque :
The Koutoubia Mosque was built during the 12th Century by the Almohads Dynasty .however, the Koutoubia Mosque is the largest mosque in Marrakech. The mosque’s name is also variably rendered as Jami’ al-Kutubiyah, Kutubiya Mosque, Kutubiyyin Mosque, it is located in the southwest of the Medina Quarter of Marrakech near the famous largest square of Jemaa Elfna . The mosque’s minaret Tower is about 77 meters(253ft) in height, includes a spire and orbs .the building of the Koutoubia mosque has some other similar building such as the Giralda of Seville and the Hassan Tower of Rabat, which was in the same period of the history, the later, Koutoubia Mosque is considered as an important monument and a task landmark of Marrakech.
The Saadian Tombs :
The Saadian Toms is located in Marrakech, Morocco, which dates back to the Saadian Dynasty .and exactly during the Ahmed Almansur (1578-1603) the tombs are mainly located on the south side of the Kasbah mosque. However, the tombs were rediscovered in 1917 by aerial photography and were renovated by the Beaux-arts service. The tombs have, because of the beauty of their decoration, been a major attraction for visitors of Marrakech. the Mausoleum comprises about sixty members of the Saadian dynasty, which originated in the Draa Valley, Among the graves of Ahmed Almansur and his family, the Building is constructed and composed of three rooms, the most knowledgeable and famous one is one of twelve columns. the room contains the grave of the Sultan’s son .the whole building is constructed under the Andalusian Design with Islamic inflection since Islam arrived during the 7th Century, besides, the cedar wood that the designers used.
Bahia Palace :
The Bahia Palace Building dates back to the 19th Century, between ( 1866 and 1867 ) By Si Moussa. The Bahia name means “brilliance”. As in other buildings of the period in other countries, it was intended to capture the essence of the Islamic and Moroccan style. There is a 2-acre (8,000 m²) garden with rooms opening onto courtyards.
The beautiful building of “Bahia” consists of 150 Rooms, including the Harem section located just off the sun-filled court of honor. Having housed the Resident general during the French Protectorate era .it is actually one of the beautiful buildings and museums open to the public daily and has previously hosted events such as the Marrakech Biennale.